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Bible Research Writing Style Sheet Bible Tools Exegesis


Exegesis refers to the critical study of a text, in our case the Bible.  "Critical study" can be done in a multitude of ways, depending on the types of questions one wants to ask.  These various ways of approaching a text are referred to as exegetical or critical methods.  A list of some of these methods follows.  The links provide full descriptions of the methods, guidelines for using them, and bibliographies.

Textual Criticism
Form Criticism
Source Criticism
Redaction Criticism
Canon Criticism
Structuralist Criticism
Narrative Criticism
Rhetorical Criticism
Social-Scientific Criticism
Feminist Criticism
Psychological Biblical Criticism
Post-Modern Biblical Criticism
Some general resources for interpretation of Tanak and the New Testament include:
Guides to Biblical Scholarship: New Testament Series (Philadelphia/Minneapolis: Fortress Press).
Guides to Biblical Scholarship: Old Testament Series (Philadelphia/Minneapolis: Fortress Press).
Interfaces (Collegeville, Minnesota: Liturgical Press).
Methods in Biblical Interpretation (New York: Cambridge University Press).
General Bible
Aageson, James W.  In the Beginning: Critical Concepts for the Study of the Bible.  Boulder, Colorado: Westview, 2000.
Carson, D. A.  Exegetical Fallacies.  Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker, 1984.
Fitzmyer, Joseph A., S. J.  The Biblical Commission's Document, "The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church": Text and Commentary, StudBib 18.  Rome: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1995.
--------.  An Introductory Bibliography for the Study of Scripture, 3rd rev. ed, Subsidia Biblica 3.  Rome: Biblical Institute, 1990.
Holladay, Carl R.  Biblical Exegesis: A Beginner's Handbook, rev. ed.  Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1987.
Kaiser, Otto and Werner G. Kummel.  Exegetical Method: A Student's Handbook, trans. E. V. N. Goetchius and M. J. O'Connell.  New York: Seabury, 1981.
Pokorný, Petr and Jan Roskovec, eds.  Philosophical Hermeneutics and Biblical Exegesis, WUNT 153.  Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2003.
Pontifical Biblical Commission.  "The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church."  Washington, D. C.: United States Catholic Conference, 1996.
Soulen, R. N.  Handbook of Biblical Criticism, 2d rev. ed.  Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1981.
Thorpe, R. Samuel.  A Handbook for Basic Biblical Exegesis.  Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 1999.
Tanak/Old Testament
Brooke, George J., ed.  Jewish Ways of Reading the Bible, JSSSup 11.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Broyles, Craig C., ed.  Interpreting the Old Testament: A Guide for Exegesis.  Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker, 2001.
Fishbane, Michael, ed.  The Midrashic Imagination: Jewish Exegesis, Thought and History.  Albany, New York: SUNY Press, 1993.
Jacobs, Irving.  The Midrashic Process: Tradition and Interpretation in Rabbinic Judaism.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Jacobs, Louis.  Jewish Biblical Exegesis, Chain of Tradition 4.  New York: Behrman, 1973.
Halivni, David Weiss.  Peshat and Derash: Plain and Applied Meaning in Rabbinic Exegesis.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Sperling, S. David.  Students of the Covenant: A History of Jewish Biblical Scholarship in North America, Confessional Perspectives Series.  Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1992.
Steck, Odil Hannes.  Old Testament Exegesis: A Guide to the Methodology, 2d ed., trans. James D. Nogalski, Society of Biblical Literature Resources for Biblical Study 39.  Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1998.
Stuart, Douglas.  Old Testament Exegesis: A Handbook for Students and Pastors, 3d ed.  Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2001.
Vangemeren, Willem A., ed.  A Guide to Old Testament Theology and Exegesis.  Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan, 1999.
New Testament
Conzelmann, Hans and Andreas Lindemann.  Interpreting the New Testament: An Introduction to the Principles and Methods of N. T. Exegesis.  Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson, 1999.
Fee, Gordon D.  New Testament Exegesis: A Handbook for Students and Pastors, rev. ed.   Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1993.
Porter, Stanley E., ed.  Handbook to the Exegesis of the New Testament.  Leiden: Brill, 2002.
Weren, Wilhelmus J. C.  Windows on Jesus: Methods in Gospel Exegesis.  Valley Forge, Pennsylvania: Trinity Press International, 1999.
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